AIDS and HIV Infection – World AIDS Day 2019!

AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, a pattern of devastating infections caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, which attacks and destroys certain white blood cells that are essential to the body’s immune system. When HIV infects a cell, it combines with that cell’s genetic material and may lie inactive for years. Most people infected with HIV are still healthy and can live for years with no symptoms or only minor illnesses. They are infected with HIV, but they do not have AIDS. After a variable period of time, the virus becomes activated and then leads progressively to serious infections and other conditions that characterize AIDS. Although there are treatments that can extend life, AIDS is a fatal disease.

HIV/AIDS was first identified in the early 1980s. Since then the number of people infected with HIV has increased rapidly throughout the world. HIV/AIDS has become the most widely talked about the condition in history. However, each day more and more people are becoming infected. We do not use what we know is right to protect ourselves from infection with the virus. To make matters worse, many people are infected with HIV, yet do not have an HIV test to find out their status so they can get help and support. The key is information and action. The first step is to find out whether you are living with HIV or not. If you are living with HIV, you can get information about how to stay healthy as well as how to protect yourself and your loved ones. If you are not living with HIV, you can get information about how to remain that way.

How is HIV spread?

HIV is spread in the following ways:

  1. Sexual intercourse HIV can be found in the semen and vaginal fluids of a person who is HIV positive. He or she can pass HIV onto another person through unprotected sex (not using a condom) vaginal, oral or anal sex.
  2. Pregnancy HIV may be passed onto a baby from an HIV positive mother. Not all HIV positive mothers give birth to babies that are HIV positive. The risk of passing on HIV to the babies increases if the mother is sick with an AIDS illness or if the mother gets infected with HIV during pregnancy. HIV can be passed to the baby during:
  • The pregnancy
  • At the time of delivery
  • In breast milk

Many women only find out they have HIV when they fall pregnant. By this time the unborn child is at risk of getting HIV. The chances of HIV passing from mother to child are between 20 and 40% during pregnancy and at the time of delivery. The risk of infection increases if the mother breastfeeds. There are now medicines available to help reduce the spread of HIV to the baby.

  1. Blood HIV can pass from one person to another through his or her blood. Sometimes sick people are given extra blood through a blood transfusion. In South Africa, blood transfusions are safe because blood is tested before it is given to sick people. HIV can be passed on in very small amounts of blood, for example when people share razor blades that are not cleaned properly. HIV can also be passed on by injecting drugs and sharing needles. People most at risk of this happening are:
  • Injecting drug users
  • Doctors and nurses treating patients with HIV

HIV can also be passed on when handling blood without gloves, e.g. after an accident, as this blood may contain the HIV germ that could enter through cuts and open wounds.

Doctors agree that you cannot get HIV from:

  • Eating food prepared by someone with HIV
  • Sharing cups, mugs, plates, food, spoons, forks, etc
  • Door handles or rails
  • Sneezing or coughing
  • Tears or saliva
  • Toilet seats
  • Holding or shaking hands
  • Mosquitoes
  • Swimming pools or baths
  • Working or attending school with someone who is HIV positive
  • Donating blood
  • Living with someone who has HIV
  • Being next to or close to someone who has HIV
  • Kissing, hugging or touching

What are the symptoms of HIV infection?

Within a month or two of getting infected with HIV, many people (but not all) can develop flu-like symptoms, swollen glands or a rash. These symptoms usually go away within a couple of weeks, and a person can look and feel well for many years before the symptoms come back.

This period when you look and feel well can last five to seven years or longer in adults and two to five years or longer in children born with HIV. As HIV continues to attack the immune system, the illnesses start to show again.

How do I stop myself from being infected with HIV?

There is no cure for HIV. Once a person has HIV, they will remain infected for the rest of their life. Therefore preventing the spread is the most important way of controlling HIV.

The following actions will prevent the spread of HIV:

  • Protected sex – with a condom, used correctly.
  • Sex without penetration – this is when a man’s penis does not enter the woman’s vagina or anus. This is also a safe sex. Sex can be a way of showing love but not the only way. You can also show love by kissing, touching and holding each other.
  • You can have a sexual climax without penetration by rubbing the person’s private parts with hands or fingers.
  • It is important to reduce the number of different sexual partners.
  • New relationships – you should use a condom. Both of you should go for an HIV test before you stop using condoms. It is safe to have sex without protection if both HIV tests are negative. This means you are both free of HIV.
  • Remember that both partners must stay in a sexually faithful relationship with only each other, otherwise, the sex will no longer be safe. This is a faithful relationship.

Vaginal Disease

Vaginal diseases can be the reason of uncomfortable symptoms like itching, burning, pain, and vaginitis (inflammation).

Vaginal Inflammation

Injury at birth, excessive coitus, winter cold, frequent delivery or miscarriage, this disease is caused by redness, swelling, heat, pain, pus, urinary discomfort in the vagina. Symptoms are coming.

Vaginal Discharge

Due to the weakening of internal vaginal mucosa, vagina leaves its place. In this, some part of the vagina comes out, which results in vaginal discharge and pain. Sometimes a lot of vagina comes out.

Causes

Excess of sexual intercourse, thickening of the ligament, intoxicated vaginas, shortening of the vagina, excess leucorrhoea, frequent childbirth, etc. are many reasons that cause this disease. In more vulnerable women, they come out to the anus and bladder.

Symptoms

Internal organs are visible on looking inside the vagina. Pain in stool or urine, thigh, calf muscle, waist, and muscles.
It hurts when the uterus and vagina come out, when touching with the finger, it seems harder.

Treatment

In this disease, it is necessary to give complete rest to the patient. Slowly bring the excreted limb to its place and be treated by douching 10 grams of alum with 500 ml of water.

Blennenteria or Leucorrhoea or Excess Vaginal Discharge

Leucorrhoea is a disease in which a type of secretion comes from the membranes of the uterus or from the inside of the uterus and the mouth of the uterus. This secretion is mostly white in color and is called white leucorrhoea. Sometimes a yellowish-white liquid comes out of the vagina, causing itching in the secretariat, heaviness in the pelvis, blood pressure, frequent pimples, etc.

Reason

Short-term miscarriage, leucorrhoea or shortness, vaginal inflammation, etc.

Treatment

  • Take two spoons of Patrangasava with water before meals twice in a day.
  • Then 30 minutes later, take a pinch of Loha Bhasma with a spoon of honey twice in a day.

Avoiding

Fried things, sour items, chili, and jaggery should be avoided.

Note: This therapy should be done for 1 to 3 months.

Women Venereal Disease

Women have a very complicated body structure. A woman’s sex organs are both inside and outside of the body. Inside the body are the womb (uterus), the cervix, the fallopian tubes, and the ovaries. The outside area of skin is the vulva. Other sexual areas include the breasts and nipples, and other sensitive areas of your body that respond to touch.

Sterility

Due to many diseases of the uterus, women do not have the capacity to produce a child. This is called sterility.

Causes

Uterine loss, puffiness or shortening, uterus moving away from its place, white water, curvature, vaginal shrinkage, gonorrhea, excessive consumption of intoxicants, heat, cancer of uterus, inflammation in the ovarian system, menstruation, hardening of the uterus or uterine fat, blood loss, lack of spermatids in men or their lack of strength, etc. Therefore, it is necessary to know the cause of the disease by taking treatment.
If the woman does not have any disease, then the man should consult a doctor. Man must not have sex for a week, on the eighth day, when the man is having sex, collect the semen in a clean vial and test it with a laboratory within two hours. If there are no spermatozoa in the semen, then that cannot produce a child.

Treatment

  • Firstly, the woman’s genitals should be properly examined so that the defect can be known and prevented.
  • Do not make haste in sexual intercourse. After intercourse, the woman should lay down for one or two hours, so that sperm could enter the uterus. At the time of sexual intercourse keep the following place high so that the semen does not come out.

1. Frequent Miscarriage

After a miscarriage, drink an equal quantity of Peepal root, Nagakeshar, and Garbhapala juice and take it in the morning with a spoon of milk for 15 days.

2. Temporary Impotence

Mix the sugar powder with the Semal root powder. Take a spoon of this mixture with milk and native egg, it will increase the semen like a sea. Eat for one month, any temporary impotence will be able to have sex.

Note: Do not eat sour items, red chili, oily and spicy food.

Motherhood

A lady who has kids commits a huge extent of her life to parenthood. In spite of the fact that a lady’s fruitfulness is constrained generally to a multi-year time frame, her maternal obligations may last significantly more – 60 years or somewhere in the vicinity. Most moms never stop being worried about the well being and welfare of their kids and grandkids, regardless of their ages. As such, a mother is a mother for eternity.

Amid the season of parenthood, a lady is capable not just for the support of her own well being, yet in addition that of her family. Around 33% of all youngsters in this nation live separated from their dads, which implies that society still depends on moms to secure and sustain their kids.

Pregnancy

For a lady, pregnancy is a dream of her life because every woman wants to come in motherhood.  She arranging implies getting the hang of all that she can about how her very own well being and that of her infant can be improved. For example:

  • The eager mother has to think about those illnesses that can convolute a pregnancy by their reality or their treatment, for example, misery, epilepsy, thyroid infection, asthma, lupus or diabetes.
  • If the mother smokes, she should stop, since ladies who smoke have a higher rate of unnatural birth cycles and stillbirths.
  • She should know about the threats of liquor utilization amid pregnancy.
  • She should likewise realize which medications and prescriptions she can keep on utilizing securely and which ones she should maintain a strategic distance from.
  • There are likewise various pre-birth tests that can screen the well being and improvement of her child.
  • Finally, she needs to prepare for the work and conveyance. Despite the fact that pregnancy itself endures just nine months, it is a time-frame in which the upkeep of a lady’s well being is particularly basic.