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Menstrual Cycle in Women

For around 40 years of her life, a lady encounters an ordinary wonder called the menstrual cycle. Ordinary loss of blood and tissue from typical sloughing of the internal covering of the uterus (feminine cycle) happens each 26 to 35 days (pretty much month to month) in each ordinary non-pregnant lady before menopause. Every month to month cycle can be isolated into a follicular stage (an egg creates), ovulation (egg discharge) at mid-month and a luteal stage (amid which the uterine covering prepares itself to get a treated egg). On the off chance that the egg isn’t prepared, the uterine covering is shed, and a lady has her menstrual period. At that point, the whole grouping of occasions is rehashed.

Most ladies don’t experience issues amid the primary portion of their menstrual cycle, yet once the egg has been discharged, there might be issues, for example, pelvic agony. Amid the second 50% of the cycle, a lady may encounter premenstrual disorder (PMS) and she may have menstrual spasms at the beginning of her menstrual stream.

Around 70%-90% of ladies experience the ill effects of premenstrual disorder. PMS symptoms include fractiousness, apprehension, issues, swelling, and cerebral pains. An especially serious condition, premenstrual dysphoric turmoil (PMDD), is significantly more troublesome than PMS.

Each progression of a lady’s menstrual cycle is constrained by hormones. The creation of these hormones is subject to the general great soundness of the lady. The loss of an excessive amount of body weight can result in the suspension of the monthly cycle. There are various clutters stamped either by missing periods or by periods that are excessively long, overwhelming, sporadic, or agonizing. Hidden conditions, which may incorporate polycystic ovary disorder and endometriosis, should be medicinally assessed.

Incidentally, there is an ailment in which influenced ladies profit by feminine cycle. The ailment is hemochromatosis, which is portrayed by an excess of iron in the blood. Bleeding ladies with hemochromatosis can lose enough blood amid their menstrual periods that they may not require further treatment to expel the overabundance iron.

Cancer in Women

Certain cancers are of specific concern to women. These include not only cancer of the female organs, such as the breast, cervix, womb (uterus), and ovary; but also of the pancreas, large bowel (colorectal cancer), and lung.
Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among women. In the U.S., a woman has a 12.4% chance of developing breast cancer in her lifetime. Research studies show that the smaller the breast cancer is when it is detected, the greater the chance of survival. Currently, mammography and breast examinations serve as the recommended screening tests for breast cancer. The discovery of inherited gene mutations permits the identification of at least some women at increased risk for developing breast cancer.

Cancer involving the ovaries is also referred to as ovarian cancer. Because ovarian cancer is very difficult to detect in its early stages, it is often referred to as the “silent killer.” Although ovarian cancer can occur at any age, a woman’s risk gradually increases over time, and it is significantly higher if there is a history of ovarian cancer in the family. One in every 70 females in the U.S. develops ovarian cancer.

Colorectal cancer is cancer of the large intestine. Most cases of colorectal cancer occur in people over 50 years of age. A woman with a history of cancer of the breast, uterus, or ovary has an increased risk for colorectal cancer. Regular screening is recommended for all women over 50 years of age. Research studies show that eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, as well as supplementing the diet with antioxidants may help reduce a woman’s risk of developing not only colorectal cancer but a number of other cancers as well.

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women. As smoking is the primary cause of lung cancer, it should be obvious that abstinence from smoking is a significant way to avoid this dreaded disease. Smoking cessation is essential in minimizing the damage already caused by smoking and optimizing long-term health.

Serious Diseases More Common in Women

Many diseases affect both women and men, but some diseases occur at a higher frequency in women. For example, gallstones are three to four times more common in women than in men. About 18% of women in the U.S. suffer migraine headaches compared with only 6% of men, a ratio of three to one females to males. Other conditions seen more often in women than in men include irritable bowel syndrome and urinary tract infections.

Urinary tract infections, including cystitis (bladder infection) and kidney infection (pyelonephritis), are significant health problems that more frequently affect women. Kidney disease is a leading cause of high blood pressure (hypertension) and after age 50, hypertension is more common in women than in men.

Also more common in women than men are the autoimmune disorders (for example, multiple sclerosis, Sjögren’s syndrome, and lupus). In these diseases, the immune system attacks the body’s own tissues. Autoimmune disorders afflict at least 12 million Americans and 3/4 of them are women. One autoimmune disorder, rheumatoid arthritis, affects approximately 1.3 million Americans, with 2/3 of the sufferers being women.

Osteoporosis, a condition in which bone density decreases, occurs in both men and women. Overall, however, it is more of a major health concern for women. Some studies have reported that as many as one of every two women over 50 will suffer a fracture related to osteoporosis during her lifetime. By age 65, some women have lost half of their skeletal mass. A woman’s doctor can assess her bone density and make recommendations as to how to prevent further bone loss.

Hormonal Imbalance in Females – You Need to Know

A hormone is a compound substance emitted by an organ that movements by method for body liquids to influence another tissue in the body. Basically, hormones are “synthetic delivery people.” Many hormones, particularly those influencing development and conduct, are available in the two people. All things considered, ladies are all the more frequently depicted as being affected by their hormones, as being liable to hormonal “tides” or “tempests.”

A few hormones are of unique worry to ladies. The sex hormones created by the ovaries are not just engaged with the development, support, and the fix of the regenerative tissues, yet they likewise impact other body tissues, including bone mass. This can be an issue for ladies who take a stab at lower muscle to fat ratio (for instance, competitors, models, and ballet dancers) and for ladies with dietary problems. Ladies with low muscle versus fat regularly don’t deliver adequate measures of sex hormones. They can, experience a suspension of the monthly cycle, osteoporosis (diminishing of the bones), cracks and different conditions like those looked by many post-menopausal ladies.

Female Hormones Numerous specialists recommend hormone treatment (HT, HRT) to ease menopausal manifestations, despite the fact that this treatment ought to be controlled for a brief length because of increments in the recurrence of heart assaults and a somewhat expanded danger of bosom disease.

Hormonal issues for ladies are not restricted to those including the sex hormones. For instance, thyroid sickness, including hyperthyroidism (over-movement of the thyroid organ) and hypothyroidism (under-action of the thyroid), is unmistakably more typical in ladies than in men.

Women’s General Health and Wellness

Women not only on such problems as eating disorders, stress, alcoholism, addictions, and depression but also on basic topics such as good nutrition, heart health, and exercise. For example, it is beneficial that a woman maintains her optimum weight, she will cure herself to develop heart disease, high blood pressure, and diabetes.

Smoking is harmful to anyone’s health, as well as the health of those around them. Unfortunately, women continue to smoke despite the known health risks. Even the number of female smokers is declining, still, about 16% of women in the U.S. continue to smoke. Smoking is a big risk factor which causes cancer, heart disease, and other health issues.

Drinking an excessive amount of alcohol is also harmful to health. Although women typically begin drinking at a later age than men and tend to drink somewhat less, lower doses of alcohol are required for women to develop alcohol-related medical problems including alcohol toxicity, cirrhosis, and hepatitis.

Women should be aware that their metabolism different than men. It is, essential that women are well informed about the kinds and correct dosages of any drugs they are taking.

Female anatomy

There are major differences in anatomy between males and females that require consideration. As more women are now participating in sports, many anatomic differences are being identified, often because men and women athletes sustain different types of injuries. In females, the hamstrings (muscles behind the leg) are not as strong as in males. Women also have a wider hip-to-knee ratio than men. A woman’s legs are relatively longer and her torso shorter than a man of comparable size. She has a lower center of gravity, less muscle mass, less dense bones, and a higher percentage of body fat.

Women tend to suffer their first heart attack 10 years later than men. For reasons that remain unclear (and require more research), the likelihood for a younger woman dying from a heart attack is significantly greater than that of a man. Moreover, the symptoms of an impending heart attack may be somewhat different in a woman than in a man. A woman is more likely to ignore the symptoms and fail to seek medical attention. Every woman needs to develop her own healthy heart program.

The female reproductive system

Since the female reproductive system plays such an important role throughout the life of a woman, it receives special consideration. A woman’s reproductive system includes her uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix, and external genitalia. The breasts can also be included, even though, technically speaking, they are not part of the reproductive system. The breasts do play a major role in pregnancy and motherhood.

Although the primary function of the reproductive system is to conceive and bear children, a female’s reproductive system makes a major contribution to her overall womanhood. Due to the complexity of her reproductive system, she can experience a number of problems ranging from yeast infections of the vagina to fibroid of the uterus or cysts of the ovary.

If a woman is to make informed choices about her health care, she must understand her reproductive system. In the U.S., a common major surgery performed on women who are not pregnant is a hysterectomy. A hysterectomy, the surgical removal of the uterus, ends menstruation and a woman’s innate ability to become pregnant. A woman needs to comprehend her options before she can decide if a hysterectomy is the best solution for her particular medical condition.