The Hair Follicle (HF) is a vital component of mammalian skin and represents a unique, highly regenerative system that undergoes phases of rapid growth, regression, and resting periods. Hair cycling is of profound clinical relevance since the majority of hair growth disorders occur as a result of cycle changes. The influence of many molecules governing the formation of HF has been investigated and many important cycle mediators have been identified. Cellular and molecular events during cycling are controlled by a network of sequential activation of autocrine, paracrine, and endocrine signaling pathways.
Hair follicles vary considerably in size and shape, depending on their location, but they all have the same basic structure. Rapidly proliferating matrix cells in the hair bulb produce the hair shaft, whose bulk — the cortex — is composed of hair-specific intermediate filaments and associated proteins. The pigment in the hair shaft is produced by melanocytes interspersed among the matrix cells. As the matrix cells differentiate and move upward, they are compressed and funneled into their final shape by the rigid inner-root sheath, whose dimensions and curvature largely determine the shape of the hair. The dermal papilla, which is composed of specialized fibroblasts located at the base of the follicle, is thought to control the number of matrix cells and thus the size of hair.
Best Home Remedies for Hair Follicle
- Prevent the skin: Avoid wearing tight or irritating clothing, reduce the risk of exposing the skin to harsh chemicals and skincare products, and try to limit shaving and trim instead when possible.
- Proper hygiene: Gently washing the affected area twice daily with mild soap will help reduce the infection. Always use clean hands. Use a clean towel for drying. Wash all towels after use to reduce the risk of transmitting the infection.
- Warm compresses: Placing a warm compress on the affected area can reduce itching and draw out pus. To make a compress, simply soak a cloth in warm water and wring out the excess. Apply to the skin for up to 20 minutes. Repeat as needed.
- Soothing bath: Soaking in a tub of warm water may help reduce the itching and pain associated with folliculitis. Adding oatmeal or an oatmeal-based product can be helpful, as research suggests it has anti-inflammatory properties. Alternatively, one cup of baking soda added to a bath may also ease symptoms. Thoroughly dry the skin after bathing.