Lemon is an important medicinal plant of the family Rutaceae. It is cultivated mainly for its alkaloids, which are having anticancer activities, and the antibacterial potential in crude extracts of different parts (viz., leaves, stem, root, and flower) of Lemon against clinically significant bacterial strains have been reported. Citrus flavonoids have a large spectrum of biological activity including antibacterial, antifungal, antidiabetic, anticancer, and antiviral activities. Flavonoids can function as direct antioxidants and free radical scavengers, and have the capacity to modulate enzymatic activities and inhibit cell proliferation. In plants, they appear to play a defensive role against invading pathogens, including bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Flavonoids are generally present in glycosylated forms in plants, and the sugar moiety is an important factor determining their bioavailability.
Top Benefits of Lemon Juice
1. Boosts your immune system
Lemons are high in vitamin C, which is great for fighting colds. They’re high in potassium, which stimulates brain and nerve function. Potassium also helps control blood pressure.
2. Balances PH
Drink lemon juice every day and you’ll reduce your body’s overall acidity. Lemon is one of the most alkaline foods around. Yes, lemon has citric acid but it does not create acidity in the body once metabolized.
3. Helps with weight loss
Lemons are high in pectin fiber, which helps fight hunger cravings. It also has been shown that people who maintain a more alkaline diet lose weight faster.
4. Aids digestion
Lemon juice helps flush out unwanted materials. It encourages the liver to produce bile which is an acid that is required for digestion. Efficient digestion reduces heartburn and constipation.
5. Is a diuretic
Lemons increase the rate of urination in the body, which helps purify it. Toxins are, therefore, released at a faster rate which helps keep your urinary tract healthy.
6. Clears skin
The vitamin C component helps decrease wrinkles and blemishes. Lemon water purges toxins from the blood which helps keep skin clear as well. It can actually be applied directly to scars to help reduce their appearance.
7. Freshens breath
Not only this, but it can help relieve tooth pain and gingivitis. Citric acid can erode tooth enamel, so you should monitor this.
8. Relieves respiratory problems
Warm juice helps get rid of chest infections and halt those pesky coughs. It’s thought to be helpful to people with asthma and allergies too.
9. Keeps you zen
Vitamin C is one of the first things depleted when you subject your mind and body to stress. As mentioned previously, lemons are chock full of vitamin C.
10. Helps kick the coffee habit
After I have a glass of hot lemon water, I actually don’t crave coffee in the morning.